Romans for Youth
Commentary by Pastor Ron
Romans Chapter 1
“Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle,
set apart for the gospel of God,”
is someone who says “yes” to Jesus, and then is “set apart”
(sent) to do something special for God. Paul was sent to
tell the “gospel” (good
news) about Jesus (which means “the
Lord is Salvation”) Christ (which means the “Anointed
“which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the
of God promised that Jesus Christ would come to this world.
A “prophet” is someone who
tells us words that are from God. The Old Testament in the
Bible (the “holy Scriptures”)
is full of the words of God’s prophets about Christ Jesus.
“concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David
according to the flesh,”
In places like Jeremiah 23:5-6 and
Isaiah 9:6-7, it was said that King David would be a human
ancestor of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, long before He
Verse 4. “who
was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection
from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus
Christ our Lord,”
Jesus was raised from the dead by the
power of God’s Holy Spirit, which SHOWS Him to be the Son of
God; the LORD of us all.
“through whom we have received grace and apostleship to
bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles
for His name's sake,”
Paul and others were “apostles”
(sent by God) through God’s “grace”
(God’s favor) to help “Gentiles”
(people in many nations) become obedient to God by finding
faith (trust) in the Lord Jesus.
“among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;”
Paul wrote this letter to people in
Rome (Italy) who had been called by God to have faith in
Jesus Christ. It is also written especially to you, when
you trust in Him.
Verse 7. “to
all who are beloved of God in Rome, called as saints: Grace
to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus
The Romans that Paul wrote to were “saints,”
people who were “called” to
have faith in the Lord. Those who trust in Jesus are given
“grace” (God’s favor) and “peace”
“First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all,
because your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole
is TRUSTING in Jesus Christ. The Christians in Rome had
lots of faith, which was seen in their lives and told to
many others. If you have faith in the Lord, others will see
it and tell their friends.
Verse 9. “For
God, whom I serve in my spirit in the preaching of the
gospel of His Son, is my witness as to how unceasingly I
make mention of you,”
Paul was led by the Holy Spirit to tell
others about Jesus Christ, God’s Son, and he often spoke
about the Roman (Italian) Christians when he did. They had
a lot of faith and Paul told many others about them.
“always in my prayers making request, if perhaps now at last
by the will of God I may succeed in coming to you.”
Paul often prayed that God would lead
him to Rome, to visit the Roman Christians in person. He
wanted to SEE the people he had been praying for.
“For I long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual
gift to you, that you may be established;”
Paul longed to go to Rome (in Italy)
and meet the Christians there. When Paul prayed for
someone, they often were given a “spiritual
gift” by God, making them useful in God’s service.
He wanted to do this for the Roman Christians.
“that is, that I may be encouraged together with you while
among you, each of us by the other's faith, both yours and
Your faith will encourage others, just
as their faith will encourage you. We need to be with other
Christians who REALLY love the Lord. It will encourage them
– and us.
Verse 13. “I
do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have
planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so
that I may obtain some fruit among you also, even as among
the rest of the Gentiles.”
Paul wanted to go to Rome so he might
help them. So far, the Lord had sent him to OTHER places,
not Rome. “Fruit” is the
Holy Spirit working through us and Paul wanted them to be
useful to God. “Gentiles”
indicates that many of them were non-Jewish Christians.
Verse 14. “I
am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both
to the wise and to the foolish.”
Paul the Apostle was called by God to
teach “Gentiles” (non-Jews)
about Jesus Christ. “Gentiles”
included “Greek” people – the ancestors of most of the
people in the areas around the Mediterranean Sea were
originally from Greece. “Barbarians”
were people who were not Greek or Roman. “Wise”
and “foolish” meant that
some of his listeners were educated people and some were
“So, for my part, I am eager to preach the gospel to you
also who are in Rome.”
is the “good news” about Jesus Christ. Paul had been called
by God to tell others about Jesus, and he COULDN’T WAIT to
visit Rome and talk to them about the Lord!
“For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of
God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first
and also to the Greek.”
(good news about Jesus) has the power to SAVE all who trust
in Him. The good news about Jesus was given first to those
of Israel (Jewish people), and later it was told to the
Gentiles (non-Jews), like those in Greece. Paul that God
has powerfully shown us His good news.
“For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith
to faith; as it is written, ‘but the righteous man shall
live by faith.’”
In Habakkuk 2:4, we are told how to be
GOOD (righteous) in the sight of God. Paul the author of
Romans quotes Habakkuk: “The just
shall live by faith.” In life we need more than to
be strong or smart. God is JUST and He shares His justice
with us, when we simply TRUST (have faith) in the Lord.
“For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all
ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the
truth in unrighteousness,”
is God’s anger at the “ungodly” who pretend the Lord does
not exist. We need Jesus Christ, the Son of God, and those
who pretend that He is not real are liars, not only lying to
others, but fooling themselves as well.
“because that which is known about God is evident within
them; for God made it evident to them.”
Those who pretend God does not exist
are kidding themselves. God has shown Himself EVERYWHERE to
“For since the creation of the world His invisible
attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been
clearly seen, being understood through what has been made,
so that they are without excuse.”
God has SHOWN Himself in His creation.
He made it all: The snowflake, the human eye and vast
galaxies of stars. You can be sure He is real by what He
“For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as
God or give thanks, but they became futile in their
speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened.”
Underneath it all, EVERYBODY knows God
is real, and should thank Him for what He has done. Those
who pretend He isn’t there, become shallow and small in
their thoughts and understanding.
“Professing to be wise, they became fools,”
Those who deny God often pretend to
themselves and others that they are wise. Actually, they
“and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an
image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and
four-footed animals and crawling creatures.”
The foolish often pretend God is like
one of us. He’s not – He’s God! Those who deny God have
sometimes made statues of men or animals and worshipped
them! It’s called “idol worship.” When we love any thing
more than we love God, it is like worshiping an idol.
“Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts
to impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among
Sometimes God lets people become worse
and worse, so that they might see how awful life without Him
can be. The purpose in allowing sin is so we might see our
need of God.
“For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and
worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator,
who is blessed forever. Amen.”
If you “worship” anyone or anything
more than God, you are living a lie. We are merely His
creation – He is the Creator of us all and He is to be “blessed”
forever, for He loves you and me.
“For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions;
for their women exchanged the natural function for that
which is unnatural,”
God created marriage for a man and a
woman to be together in happiness for life (Matthew 19:6).
But many people want their way instead of His. These verses
tell us that God judges people by letting them get their own
way. The shameful things they do will show how badly they
“and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural
function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one
another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving
in their own persons the due penalty of their error.”
The marriage of a man and a woman is
supposed to help us better understand the love of Christ for
His people (Ephesians 5:25). “Men
with men” leads to shame and judgment, just like it
did for Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 19:1-28).
“And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any
longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those
things which are not proper,”
God wants to fill our lives with His
love, which is why He sent Jesus Christ to this world. But
many do not want Him, and that is why there is so much
trouble. People become “depraved”
(unclean); doing what they should not do.
“being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed,
evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; they are
When people don’t want God, there is no
justice. They want what others have and start doing bad
things to get what they want. Those who say “no” to God
become – selfish!
“slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful,
inventors of evil, disobedient to parents,”
See what happens when people deny God –
They start saying bad things about others and about God.
They think they’re someone special, but are afraid, all at
the same time. They want to do bad things and won’t listen
to their parents.
“without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving,
What do you really LIKE in others? –
Someone who understands you, someone who can be trusted,
somebody who loves you and is nice to you. The only way you
can BE that kind of person is to have faith in the Lord. He
will make you likeable.
“and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who
practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do
the same, but also give hearty approval to those who
“The wages of
sin is death” (Romans 6:23) – That’s the “ordinance”
(law) of God, for not only those who do bad things, but also
for the ones who like it when others are bad. To receive
God’s “gift” (Jesus Christ),
is to have His “LIFE” and to
start doing good - forever! (Romans 6:23).
Ron Beckham, Pastor
Friday Study Ministries